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Sino German Exchange on Emission Modeling and Measures in Transport





09.12.2015 Beijing: Emissions from transport are a major source of local air pollution and increasingly also for greenhouse gas emissions in China. ifeu experts carried out several workshops with different Chinese institutions about measures in transport and their mitigation effects. The GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit) commissioned and coordinated the workshops within the context of the „Sino-German Environmental Partnership“ by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMUB).

The main focus was the exchange of methods for emission quantification and analysis of measures in scenarios. Hinrich Helms and Christoph Heidt presented the models TREMOD und TREMOD-MM (for mobile machinery) which were developed by ifeu. Further workshops aimed at the discussion of strategies to reach climate targets and an energy transition (Energiewende) in transport in Germany and the potential of electric busses in urban transport.

Further information on TREMOD and TREMOD-MM

Quelle: TPRI (Transport Planing and Research Institute)

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Domestic oil crops for the oleochemistry





cosmos logo23.11.2015 As the host of the first progress meeting, ifeu welcomed almost 40 delegates of the COSMOS project (Camelina & crambe Oil crops as Sources for Medium-chain Oils for Specialty oleochemicals) from 17.-19.11.2015 in Heidelberg.

This EU-funded 4.5-year project aims at reducing the dependence of Europe’s oleochemical industry on imported plant oils by developing the currently underutilised domestic oil crops Camelina (Camelina sativa) und Crambe (Crambe abyssinica). Both plants are species within the cruciferous plant family (Brassicaceae), to which also rapeseed (Brassica napus) belongs. The European oleochemical industry currently relies on imported coconut, palm kernel and castor oil as sources for medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA, C10–C14) and medium-chain polymer building blocks.

Further information ...

Cosmos Heidelberg Group

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Plant Proteins for Human Nutrition





protein2food logo19.11.2015 Protein2Food is a new research project funded by the EU in the framework of Horizon2020. The project’s aim is to develop innovative, cost-effective and resource-efficient, healthy plant proteins for human consumption in the form of new, attractive protein-rich food products and new recipes which can substitute products with animal-based ingredients and by such contribute to more sustainable food consumption patterns.

More information ...

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„Showcase - Made in Germany“: Award for the Xingfubao Passive House





Urkunde30.10.2015 Beijing: Xingfubao (happiness castle), the first certified passive house in China‘s extreme cold climate zone was completed in Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang province, in September 2014. The project was coordinated by ifeu. Today, Xingfubao received an award as a Showcase – Made in Germany by German Industry & Commerce Greater China, as part of the export initiative energy efficiency of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi). Regarding Sino-German cooperation in energy efficiency of buildings, a jury evaluated according using the following criteria: energy efficiency, degree of innovation, modernity, quality as best practice project, potential media interest and degree of German contribution.

Bernd Franke project director at ifeu, and Ms. Xiong Bo, coordinator of the Chinese partner Dacheng International received the award. Mr. Franke declared: „The interest in the Xingfubao project as a milestone in Sino-German cooperation remains strong. The building has been visited by many experts from all regions of China. I am happy the more passive house projects are funded in Urumqi and that the China Passive House Alliance facilitates the exchange of experience from many new projects.” Ms. Xiong added: „Passive houses are economically viable as well; the demand in high-quality and energy efficient buildings is growing in China.“ The work of ifeu was sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) as part of the Future Megacities research programme. Coordination was provided by the Xinjiang Academy of Environmental Protection Sciences for Chinese partners and by the University of Heidelberg for German partners.

Brochure for the Showcase Projects (German/Chinese, pdf)

More information….

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Shifting Potential and Climate Effects caused by Pedelec use Patterns





Cover Studie29.10.2015 „Pedelecs have great potential to substitute car trips. This accounts especially for commuting trips up to 10 kilometers. Also for other common daily trips the pedelec had been the preferred vehicle choice instead of the former chosen car." These are the main findings of the recently conducted research project PEDELECTION.

The project had been funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety. It was aimed to analyze shifting effects between the different vehicles types caused by pedelec use patterns. In cooperation with the Institut for Transportation Design (ITD, University of Braunschweig) ifeu investigated daily mobility use patterns in a field test. Additionally, an environmental assessment based on collected mobility data compares the climate effects before and after the test persons were introduced to pedelecs. Following the life cycle assessment (LCA) approach for different vehicles, further environmental effects caused by production, disposal and upstream emissions of the use phase could be considered.

The achieved results are a good starting point to develop incentives for a stronger integration of pedelecs into general mobility patterns and commuting patterns in particular.

PEDELECTION - Shifting Potential and Climate Effects caused by Pedelec use Patterns - Final Report (in German, pdf 11.5 MB)

More information… (Website ITD)

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Concept Energy Transition across Sectors developed





Cover Report13.10.2015 “To achieve climate protection goals in the most economical and cost-efficient manner, wind and solar energy ought to be developed into the most important primary energy sources across all sectors, including heat supply and mobility", researchers of two Fraunhofer Institutes, the ifeu Heidelberg and the Umweltenergierecht Foundation recently concluded. The three-year research project “Interactions of RE electricity, heating and transport” is based on a resolution of the German Bundestag and was funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy.

The study infers “optimal structural development pathways for the heating and transport sectors." According to the authors during the presentation of results, “heat pumps and power-to-heat both in local and district heating systems, battery-electric vehicles and catenary trucks provide examples for future key technologies for the integration of the energy sectors electricity, heating and transport. This integration is associated with economic benefits and opens up a range of flexibility options for the maintenance of a reliable and safe energy supply.”

Interactions of RE Eletricity, Heating and Transport
Final Report (pdf 5,7 MB)
+ Short Version (pdf 924 KB) (in German)

More information… (in German)

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Start planning from the Goal Definition - Sufficiency as an important Field of Action in Municipalities




Foto / Quelle: Lizenzfrei09.10.2015 Sufficiency measures and policies in municipalities

The importance of sufficiency for reaching local climate change objectives was detected in numerous municipal climate action plans and “Masterplan 100 % Climate Change Mitigation” projects. And there are already existing ideas and recommended policy measures to facilitate and encourage sufficiency in municipalities.

This is carried out by the extensive analysis of climate action plan in 32 municipalities and regions as well as “Masterplan 100 % Climate Change Mitigation” projects in 19 municipalities and regions, published in the working paper "Suffizienz-Maßnahmen und -Politiken in kommunalen Klimaschutzkonzepten und Masterplänen – ein Überblick" (in German).

The analysis also reveals that mainly the mobility sector’s measures are influenced by sufficiency approaches. In the sectors of housing and construction, nutrition and private consumption sufficiency is not systematically anchored. According to the authors, high potentials in designing and implementing sufficiency measures and policies are existing for an absolute reduction of energy consumption in a significant scale.

More information ...

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Transparent Information on Fuel Consumption urgently required for Electric Vehicles as well





Logo29.09.2015 User-specific and accurate fuel consumption data may actually be more important for electric vehicles than for conventional combustion engines. The official data from type-approval tests presented in advertising materials and sales brochures provide little information on the actual situation under real-world conditions. Moreover, individual user behaviour strongly influences the energy consumption of dedicated battery-electric passenger cars and hybrid-systems with combustion engines, so-called plug-in hybrids.

To provide a realistic assessment of potential savings associated with a switch to electric vehicles, ifeu is currently developing the web application ‘My eDrive’ in collaboration with the German Automobile Association ADAC. My eDrive will allow interested drivers of conventional cars a free virtual test drive of battery-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. A smart phone app initially monitors and records the driving habits of the driver in his current vehicle. Based on these real-world data, costs, environmental impacts and mileage of current electric vehicle options are calculated.

We intend to test My eDrive in a trial period shortly and we would like to invite you to participate. Application materials and additional information may be found here ...

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Increasing Divergence betweenType Approval and real-world Fuel Consumption of Passenger Cars





Cover28.09.2015 It has been widely known for a number of years that both the fuel consumption of passenger cars and the associated greenhouse gas emissions are considerably higher on the road than under the type-approval test conditions reported in sales brochures. According to a recent analysis of the fuel consumption of approx. 600,000 vehicles registered in the EU between 2001 to 2014, carried out by the ICCT in collaboration with ifeu Heidelberg and TNO, the discrepancy between test results and real-world conditions has increased from about 8 % in 2001 to a present average of 40 %.

This finding indicates that our national climate goals are in serious jeopardy. Moreover, the loss in vehicle tax revenue amounts to hundreds of millions of Euro. The discrepancy between car manufacturer data and real-world conditions also puts the consumer at a disadvantage. On average, an additional annual investment of 450 € per user is required to bridge the gap between reported and actual fuel consumption. Reasons for the divergence between official data and real-world conditions may be found in the exploitation of loopholes in the type-approval process by car manufacturers and the omission of auxiliary consumers. To rectify the situation, a realistic new test procedure and the introduction of post-hoc tests are required.

Additional information and the study „From Laboratory to Road (icct-Website) may be found here... (Click to enlarge cover)

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Eco-profiles of PVC and VCM updated


01.09.2015 Commissioned by PlasticsEurope, the Association of Plastics Manufacturers in Europe, and by the European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers (ECVM), ifeu recently updated the Eco-profile of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and its monomer vinyl chloride (VCM). For this reason, production data concerning material and energy input as well as emissions to air and water was collected from 38 European VCM and PVC producers. Collected data was combined with data describing resource input and emissions occurring during the production of energy and materials needed for PTA production resulting in a mathematical model.

This led to a detailed description of environmental impacts caused by the production of 1 kg of VCM and PVC in Europe, respectively. Eco-profiles focus on the production phase of a product "from cradle to factory gate", whereas in a full Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) the complete life cycle of a product "from cradle to grave" is investigated. Thus, Eco-profiles represent important building-blocks for the calculation of a LCA. The updated Eco-profile for PVC therefore gives rise for updates of downstream products, for example of PVC pipes.

More information ...

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Taking over of Scheme Ownership and Updates of the Greenhouse Gas CalculationTools for Biofuels


15.07.2015 It is essential that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions arising from the production of biofuels and bioliquids are calculated in a standardised way. This is a requirement under the current biofuels sustainability ordinance. For that purpose, the ifeu participated in the development of two calculation tools: the BioGrace I tool at European level and ENZO2 as a German national tool.

After the completion of the EU financed BioGrace project in March 2015 ifeu took over the scheme ownership, i.e. the management and updating of the BioGrace I tool. An update of the BioGrace I tool is now available (Version 4d). For guaranteeing further harmonisation also for the ENZO2 tools updates have been prepared (version 1.4).

To the tools and further information …

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